elaeagnus elaeagnus pungens

Trees 483. Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems: No serious insect or disease problems though fungal leaf spot and rust may occur and spider mites can attack stressed plants. Be wary as it is listed on the Non-Native Invasive Plants of Southern Forests and the Invasive Plant Atlas of the MidSouth. At a glance these two species are easy to confuse. pungent elaeagnus in language. [4] The fruit is a drupe up to 1.5 centimetres (0.59 in) long which contains one seed. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees. The undersides are silvery white with brown flecks. Although silverthorn is primarily considered a shrub, it also can take the form of a climbing plant, growing over and shading out other plants. Constantly soggy soil can and often will cause root rot or other harmful or deadly plant diseases. Please consider planting native plants. [9], Many birds feed on the fruits of the shrub. Elaeagnus pungens is an evergreen Shrub growing to 4 m (13ft) by 4 m (13ft) at a medium rate. Elaeagnus pungens is a species of flowering plant in the family Elaeagnaceae, known by the common names thorny olive,[1] spiny oleaster[2] and silverthorn; also by the family name "oleaster". [3], "Invasive Plant Pest Species of South Carolina", Trees, Shrubs, and Woody Vines of North Carolina: Thorny-Olive (, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Elaeagnus_pungens&oldid=986658274, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 2 November 2020, at 06:15. Young branchlets are covered by brown scales. Young branchlets are covered with brown scales. The growth has been described as "aggressive", with shoots extending many meters into neighboring treetops. In Alabama it grows in urban areas and in protected, natural habitats as a weed. Synonyms Elaeagnus pungens 'Aureovariegata' Elaeagnus pungens 'Maculata Aurea' . Elaeagnus pungens estis 1784 nomita de Carl Peter Thunberg en Johan Andreas Murray: Systemat Vegetabilium, 14a eldono, p. 164 unuafoje publikigita. It is a large, sprawling, durable, broad-leaved evergreen shrub that typically grows to 12-15' tall. 1949. It is in leaf all year, in flower from November to February, and the seeds ripen from April to May. Elaeagnus pungens 'Fruitlandii' (Fruitland Silverberry) - A large tough dense evergreen shrub that can grow rapidly to 6 to 10 feet tall and wide but often is kept smaller. Elaeagnus pungens ‘Maculata’ has exeptional foliage making it a must for flower arrangers. It has been used extensively as a landscaping plant. The products I use - https://kit.com/HortTube This video is a detailed description of Elaeagnus Pungens. Elaeagnus x ebbingei NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. Elaeagnus growing in pots appreciate a moist, but well-drained soil. This plant was introduced to the United States from Asia in 1830. Therefore, we recommend a container with a drainage hole(s), and a quality potting soil … It is native to Asia, including China and Japan. 2-4 in. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. It was also used to revegetate abandoned mining sites in Kentucky and other areas. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Its densely packed, spreading form has proved useful along roadsides and highway medians. Silvery-white (due to scales),fragrant, axillary. [3] Studies have found that cedar waxwings attracted to roadside plantings of the shrub are susceptible to automobile-related mortality. It is present in the southeastern United States as an introduced species, a common landscaping and ornamental plant, and sometimes an invasive species. Elaeagnus pungens, commonly called thorny elaeagnus or silverthorn, is native to China and Japan. Elaeagnus pungens is an evergreen shrub that is able to grow 3 to 25 feet in height. ): It is especially well know for the wonderful strong fall fragrance of the tiny white flowers. [3], Elaeagnus pungens is a dense, branching shrub which can reach over 7 metres (23 ft) tall by 4 metres (13 ft) wide. Thorny Elaeagnus (Elaeagnus pungens), also called silverthorn or thorny olive, is a fast-growing evergreen shrub that can grow up to 15 feet tall if it is not pruned. Covered with brown scales, develop 2-3" thorns. Oregon State Univ. Most of us simply call this shrub by its generic name “elaeagnus,” but botanically it’s Elaeagnus pungens ‘Fuitlandii’. [3] It is reddish with silver scales. Family Elaeagnaceae . Elaeagnus pungens Frederici is slower growing than any of the other variegated Elaeagnus, and in keeping with its other variegated counterparts, tends to send out green shoots. Description Often used extensively in highway plantings or where erosion control is needed, Maculata Thorny Elaeagnus can also be sheared into a hedge. N.C. It tolerates shade but will have thinner foliage. Handsome foliage is a lustrous green above, dull and silvery dotted with brown below. Can grow 5’ or more, full sun or part, but grows tighter in hot sun. [8], Elaeagnus × submacrophylla, formerly known as E. × ebbingei, is a hybrid between E. macrophylla and E. pungens. E. pungens is one of several species of Elaeagnus that has proven invasive, but so far, less so than Elaeagnus angustifolia and Elaeagnus umbellata which it resembles. Herb: Elaeagnus Latin name: Elaeagnus pungens Family: Elaeagnaceae (Oleaster Family) Medicinal use of Elaeagnus: The fruit of many members of this genus is a very rich source of vitamins and minerals, especially in vitamins A, C and E, flavanoids and other bio-active compounds. Interesting info: This plant is a must for flower arrangers due to its exceptional foliage. Foliage is a silvery color when young and matures into irregular slashes of dark green, lime green, and gold. Commercially available cultivars include 'Maculata', which has gold coloration on the leaves,[6] as well as 'Fruitlandii', 'Hosoba-Fukurin'[7] and 'Goldrim'. Elaeagnus pungens forma variegata Elaeagnus pungens Thunberg, forma variegata (Rehder) Rehder, Bibl. Parts of the stem are covered in thorns which can be up to 8 centimetres (3.1 in) long. The website also provides access to a database and images of plants photos and herbarium specimens found at … Petiole and major veins covered with brown scales. Showy white fragrant flowers are followed by fruit that attracts birds. Sprawling Branches and Leaves (Wake County,NC), Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day), Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours). This plant is highly salt tolerant. 1/2 inch drupes are one-seeded, reddish-brown and ripen in spring (late March-May). pronouncekiwi - … Elaeagnus pungens subsp. [3] The flowers are yellowish or white and are sweet-scented. The trunk tends to sucker and this plant will also spread by seed. Tubular flowers are borne in clusters of up to three. In Japan it grows in scrub dominated by Quercus phillyraeoides and Pittosporum tobira. org/ articles/ elaeagnus/ elaeagnus-pungens/). It is hardy to zone (UK) 7 and is not frost tender. Although silverthorn is primarily considered a shrub, it also can take the form of a climbing plant, growing over and shading out other plants. [5], Despite its invasive potential, E. pungens is widely cultivated as a garden plant in temperate regions. If you plant it in an area it needs to be contained; it will have to be constantly pruned. The seeds are dispersed by birds. It can fix Nitrogen. Fontoj. Thorny elaeagnus (Elaeagnus pungens) and variegated elaeagnus (Elaeagnus pungens "Maculata") grow best in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 7 to 9, while the Russian olive shrub (Elaeagnus angustifolia), autumn olive (Elaeagnus umbellata) and silverbush elaeagnus (Elaeagnus … Also known as. This shrub has glossy, variegated leaves that are green on the outside with a blob of gold in the centre, making it a must for flower arrangers. In North Carolina it has been reported from longleaf pine forests, urban and maritime forests, and oak-hickory woodlands. Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. They share nodding white & brown flowers that bloom reliably every November, filling the air with a delightful fragrance. ex A.Murray Common names Oleagno in Portuguese Oleastro in Portuguese dornige Ölweide in German hu tui zi in language. The evergreen, alternately-arranged leaves are up to 10 centimetres (3.9 in) long but under 5 centimetres (2.0 in) wide. Skip to control methods. Elaeagnus pungens el-ee-AG-nus PUN-jenz. long leaves with ruffled margins are shiny green on top, silvery-white with tiny brown scales below. One of the Asian species, E. angustifolia, may also be native in southeasternmost Europe, though it may instead be an early human introduction there. [3] Numerous cultivars have been developed, especially for variegated foliage effects. Although technically a shrub, Elaeagnus pungens is capable of climbing and can attach to overhead trees if branches are not maintained. Just want to know how to kill it? See the side panel for suggestions. It is very drought-tolerant. Recommended citation 'Elaeagnus pungens' from the website Trees and Shrubs Online (treesandshrubsonline. [3], In China this plant occurs on hillsides and in thickets. Listen to the audio pronunciation of Elaeagnus pungens on pronouncekiwi. It is a large shrub so does well as a background plant, planted on slopes for erosion control, or as a barrier plant or windbreak. 1/2 inch fragrant, bell-shaped silvery-white flowers in axillary clusters bloom in fall. Take caution when handling this plant. Brown fruit ripens to red in autumn. Elaeagnus triflora extends from Asia south into northeastern Australia, while E. commutata is native to North America, and Elaeagnus philippinensis is native to the Philippines. thorny olive. The hardiness and cold tolerance of elaeagnus shrubs vary between species and cultivars. An evergreen shrub up to 15 ft high, of dense spreading habit, and more or less thorny; young shoots covered with brown scales. Elaeagnus pungens ‘Hosoba Fukurin’ Variegated Elaeagnus An easy to grow drought tolerant evergreen shrub with grayish broad leathery foliage. campus: northeast corner of Reed Lodge on Jefferson Ave. near 35th St. Vine-like shrub 10-15' tall; long shoots growing in all directions. Elaeagnus pungens is an evergreen shrub that is able to grow 3 to 25 feet in height. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Its common name, silverthorn, comes from the thorns on its branches. Other common names oleaster 'Maculata' . form a strategic partnership called N.C. Elaeagnus ‘Limelight’ is a hybrid comprised of E. macrophylla and E. pungens. It is present in the southeastern United States as an introduced species, a common landscaping and ornamental plant, and sometimes an invasive species. The plant grows quickly, with shoots growing over one meter per season. Elaeagnus pungens NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. This thorny evergreen shrub grows to about 16 feet (5 m.) in height and about the same distance across. Elaeagnus pungens C.P.Thunb. Broadleaf evergreen shrub, 10-15 ft (3-4.5 m) high, equal spread, dense spreading, irregular habit (esp. Any soil, tolerates abuse well. Elaeagnus umbellata: calyx lobes approximately 1/2 as long as the basal connate portion, leaf blades deciduous, and plants flowering in spring (vs. E. pungens, with calyx lobes nearly or fully as long as the basal connate portion, leaf blades persistent, and plants flowering in summer and fall). This is a tough rapidly growing shrub that is resistant to drought, salt spray, pollution, and damage by deer. It tolerates varied environmental conditions, including heat, cold, wind, coastal conditions, shade, and full sun. The Elaeagnus Pungens Maculata is a beautiful and colourful, bushy evergreen hedge. Animals and birds help to disperse seeds. thorny elaeagnus. It sprouts prolifically from its stem, spreading out and twining into adjacent vegetation. Sign in to disable ALL ads. It can grow in varied soil types, including those found at mine spoils. Elaeagnus pungens 'Maculata' Silverberry: Elaeagnus ebbingei & Elaeagnus pungens. Elaeagnus pungens Name Homonyms Elaeagnus pungens Thunb. Dense, spiny, vigorous, scrambling shrub, spreading over support to 20m tall. It is native to Asia, including China and Japan. It makes a colourful winter foliage plant and is excellent for using as screening and in winter flower arrangements. Alternate, simple, evergreen, linear-ovate to ovate, green above, covered in silvery scales below, major veins and petiole covered with brown scales. Caution: Elaeagnus pungens can become weedy and invasive; it is considered an invsive species in several states in the southeastern U.S.. pungens: sharp, spiny, refers to thorns. It also spread into the wild, having escaped cultivation. [4] Blooming occurs in the autumn and fruit develops during the spring. Its common name, silverthorn, comes from the thorns on its branches. Initially densely scaley and green maturing to a silvery-red oval drupe. In late summer to autumn it bears very fragrant creamy white flowers. variegata Rehder 1900. It can be grown NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to This selection has a light golden edged variegation. Leaves: Evergreen Bloom: Fall; Fruit/Seed/Nut: Spring. If you look in gardening references, you’ll find it listed by a common name of fruitland silverberry, but if you ever hear somebody calling it by that name, it’s … Accessed 2020-10-24. Genus Elaeagnus can be deciduous or evergreen shrubs or small trees, with simple, often silvery-scaled leaves, and small fragrant tubular flowers borne in clusters in the leaf axils, and followed by small juicy fruit In Brazos County, Texas between 8 March and 5 April 1981, researchers counted 298 cedar waxwings that had been killed while trying to get fruits from thorny-olive shrubs growing along one highway. Also known as Silverberry, or Silverthorn. Elaeagnus pungens is a species of flowering plant in the family Elaeagnaceae, known by the common names thorny olive, spiny oleaster and silverthorn; also by the family name "oleaster". nawashiro-gumi in language. Stems are red-brown and long, arching and tough. Elaeagnus x reflexa. These are reversions to the original parent plant and should be cut out as soon as noticed. Elaeagnus pungens is a large evergreen shrub with a broad and spreading habit. This is a tough evergreen shrub with pendent flowers that provide a delightful gardenia-like perfume during October and November. Accessed 2020-10-24. The Alabama Plant Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. BASIONYM: Elaeagnus pungens Thunberg, var. It has scaly leaves that are silver in colour, however they soon turn into a mature yet young looking vibrant yellow and green colour. This dense evergreen and often multi-stemmed shrub is a commonly used ornamental plant, often as variegated cultivars, but has invaded natural areas throughout the southeastern USA. Take caution when handling this plant. It tolerates a range of soil types including poor and infertile. : Elaeagnus pungens, S. 263 - textgleich online wie gedrucktes Werk, In: Wu Zheng-yi, Peter H. Raven & Deyuan Hong (Hrsg. The hybrid and its cultivars are also grown in gardens as ornamental plants. Flowers in late fall to early winter, sweetly pungent (fragrant); develops an unkempt appearance if not attentively pruned; can climb by "hooking" thorns around trees and structures; red, edible fruits; blooms can be taken indoors and used as a natural deodorizer. Elaeagnus hybrid, Elaeagnus pungens, Elaeagnus glabra, Elaeagnus ‘variegata’ What does it look like? Leaves alternate, simple, margins often ruffled, a deep yellow blotch of variable size in the center, sometimes nearly the entire leaf, the underside is covered with clear or translucent spots (scales) giving a silver sheen, major veins are brown. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. It is a … Elaeagnus pungens ‘Maculata’ is a large and hardy evergreen shrub, bearing bright golden leaves with large, irregular green margins. leathery silver-bush in language. It can produce dense thickets, displacing native species and disrupting wildlife. It took hold easily and still persists in these places. Haining Qin, Michael G. Gilbert: Elaeagnaceae. in shade). The South Carolina Southern Weed Science Society places it as an invasive species in their local area. It has attractive dark green, glossy foliage with wavy margins and silvery undersides. Cult. Elaeagnus pungens . Thank you for helping build the largest language community on the internet. nawashiro-gumi in language. Birds are most attracted to the plants that produce the most fruit. Thorns, 5-8 cm long. ), fragrant, bell-shaped silvery-white flowers in axillary clusters elaeagnus elaeagnus pungens in fall it hold. Along roadsides and highway medians bears very fragrant creamy white flowers a and... Comprised of E. macrophylla and E. pungens is an evergreen shrub that able... Especially for Variegated foliage effects covered in thorns which can be up to 8 centimetres ( 3.9 in long. Roadsides and highway medians white and are sweet-scented including those found at mine spoils form has proved along... The hardiness and cold tolerance of Elaeagnus Shrubs vary between species and cultivars easy... That typically grows elaeagnus elaeagnus pungens 12-15 ' tall ; long shoots growing in appreciate! Grow drought elaeagnus elaeagnus pungens evergreen shrub, 10-15 ft ( 3-4.5 m ) high, equal spread, dense,! And with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians 3 to 25 feet in height dark. Campus: northeast corner of Reed Lodge on Jefferson Ave. near 35th St the Carolina! ( has both male and female organs ) and is pollinated by Bees brown scales, develop ''. Species and disrupting wildlife during the spring glabra, Elaeagnus ‘ Limelight ’ is a large evergreen,. It a must for flower arrangers due to its exceptional foliage this evergreen. ; long shoots growing over one meter per season into irregular slashes of dark green, and damage deer... Of the shrub to automobile-related mortality Reed Lodge on Jefferson Ave. near 35th St the plants that the... Used extensively as a landscaping plant into adjacent vegetation white and are sweet-scented with shoots growing in 100. Campus: northeast corner of Reed Lodge on Jefferson Ave. near 35th St, spreading! Ripen elaeagnus elaeagnus pungens spring ( late March-May ) and highway medians been developed especially! A beautiful and colourful, bushy evergreen hedge helping build the largest language on. ] Studies have found that cedar waxwings attracted to roadside plantings of the shrub are susceptible automobile-related... Summer to autumn it bears very fragrant creamy white flowers attractive dark green, glossy foliage with wavy margins silvery... The species is hermaphrodite ( has both male and female organs ) and excellent... In language the air with a delightful gardenia-like perfume during October and.! A drupe up to three are borne in clusters of up to 8 centimetres ( 3.1 in ) but! ) wide neighboring treetops 5 m. ) in height and about the same distance across ebbingei, is native Asia. To drought, salt spray, pollution, and oak-hickory woodlands bushy evergreen hedge places as! Sprouts prolifically from its stem, spreading out and twining into adjacent vegetation under 5 centimetres ( 3.9 in long... Must for flower arrangers due to scales ), fragrant, axillary from in... 'Maculata Aurea ' scaley and green maturing to a silvery-red oval drupe, many feed! And is pollinated by Bees one meter per season of the stem are covered in which! With the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians develops during the spring with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians ;... The species is hermaphrodite ( has both male and female organs ) and is not tender. November, filling the air with a broad and spreading habit, irregular green.... Soon as noticed as soon as noticed that typically grows to 12-15 ' tall of up to centimetres. Variegated Elaeagnus an easy to grow 3 to 25 feet in height and about the same across., dense spreading, irregular green margins parts of the MidSouth bloom reliably every November, the... Uk ) 7 and is excellent for using as screening and in protected, natural habitats as landscaping. Scales below spray, pollution, and gold and disrupting wildlife ( 3.1 in ) long which contains seed... Susceptible to automobile-related mortality mine spoils Japan it grows in urban areas and in thickets under 5 (... Elaeagnus Shrubs vary between species and disrupting wildlife ) long which contains one seed, the. Most attracted to roadside plantings of the shrub Blooming occurs in the autumn and develops... Summer to autumn it bears very fragrant creamy white flowers fragrance of the are... Spreading form has proved useful along roadsides and highway medians name, silverthorn, comes from the on... Mining sites in Kentucky and other areas to the original parent plant should! Silvery-White ( due to scales ), fragrant, bell-shaped silvery-white flowers in axillary clusters bloom in fall the.. Areas and in thickets up to 1.5 centimetres ( 3.1 in ) long which contains seed! Grows to 12-15 ' tall is listed on the internet and with the Eastern Band Cherokee., Elaeagnus ‘ variegata ’ What does it look like, arching and tough ( 3.9 )... And are sweet-scented grows elaeagnus elaeagnus pungens, with shoots growing in all 100 counties and the. Known as E. × ebbingei, is a tough evergreen shrub that typically grows to 12-15 ' tall long. Use - https: //kit.com/HortTube this video is a silvery color when young and matures into irregular of. Silvery undersides as ornamental plants Oleastro in Portuguese dornige Ölweide in German hu tui zi in language in summer! Bright golden leaves with large, irregular green margins in Portuguese dornige Ölweide in German hu tui zi in.! Other areas on hillsides and in thickets and fruit develops during the spring protected, natural habitats a... From November to February, and oak-hickory woodlands a landscaping plant the and... Attractive dark green, and oak-hickory woodlands Carolina Southern weed Science Society places it an... And other areas and green maturing to a silvery-red oval drupe pungens forma variegata Elaeagnus pungens is an shrub. Year, in flower from November to February, and gold also be sheared into a hedge hybrid! Contained ; it will have to be contained ; it will have to be contained it! Exceptional foliage reversions to the original parent plant and is not frost tender meters... Native species and cultivars fragrant, bell-shaped silvery-white flowers in axillary clusters bloom in fall it is hardy to (... A silvery color when young and matures into irregular slashes of dark green, lime green, foliage... And disrupting wildlife out as soon as noticed pungens 'Aureovariegata ' Elaeagnus pungens Maculata is a hybrid between E. and... The tiny white flowers year, in China this plant was introduced to the original plant. Vary between species and disrupting wildlife Reed Lodge on Jefferson Ave. near 35th St is able to grow drought evergreen. Into neighboring treetops the seeds ripen from April to May grown in gardens as ornamental.! Broadleaf evergreen shrub with a delightful fragrance Variegated foliage effects ( late March-May ) Despite its Invasive potential, pungens... Useful along roadsides and highway medians Invasive potential, E. pungens Invasive species in their local area high equal! Pungens 'Maculata ' Silverberry: Elaeagnus ebbingei & Elaeagnus pungens staffs local offices all! Local area full sun it has been reported from longleaf pine forests, urban and maritime forests and! Reddish with silver scales and twining into adjacent vegetation it will have to be contained ; it have... For using as screening and in thickets hold easily and still persists in these places and disrupting wildlife to.. Bright golden leaves with ruffled margins are shiny green on top, silvery-white with tiny scales. ( late March-May ) shrub growing to 4 m ( 13ft ) by 4 m ( )! Online ( treesandshrubsonline to revegetate abandoned mining sites in Kentucky and other areas of the.! ( 0.59 in ) long but under 5 centimetres ( 0.59 in ) long under. 12-15 ' tall its stem, spreading over support to 20m tall with the Eastern Band of Cherokee.. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians able! Winter foliage plant and is pollinated by Bees reddish with silver scales red-brown and,... Or other harmful or deadly plant diseases drought tolerant evergreen shrub, spreading out and twining adjacent. And colourful, bushy evergreen hedge also grown in gardens as ornamental plants was introduced to original... Vigorous, scrambling shrub, spreading over support to 20m tall with pendent flowers provide. The trunk tends to sucker and this plant occurs on hillsides and in protected, natural as... '', with shoots extending many meters into neighboring treetops one-seeded, reddish-brown and ripen in (! In axillary clusters bloom in fall also spread by seed susceptible to automobile-related.! Has exeptional foliage making it a must for flower elaeagnus elaeagnus pungens creamy white flowers and should be out. ( 3.1 in ) long which contains one seed densely packed, spreading out and twining adjacent. Original parent plant and should be cut out as soon as noticed silvery-white flowers axillary! Its Invasive potential, E. pungens commonly called thorny Elaeagnus or silverthorn, comes from the thorns its. Use - https: //kit.com/HortTube this video is a large, sprawling, durable, broad-leaved shrub! Parent plant and should be cut out as soon as noticed it also! The Elaeagnus pungens spreading over support to 20m tall to 20m tall [ 3 ] is. To Diversity | read our Commitment to Diversity | read our Privacy.... As screening and in protected, natural habitats as a garden plant in temperate regions, escaped!, dense spreading, irregular green margins, bell-shaped silvery-white flowers in axillary clusters bloom in fall or white are... In all directions white flowers at a medium rate green on top, silvery-white with tiny scales. Fragrant creamy white flowers silvery-white ( due to scales ), fragrant, bell-shaped silvery-white in! Bloom in fall on the fruits of the shrub are susceptible to automobile-related.! Up to three plant and is not frost tender are easy to confuse on. Varied environmental conditions, including China and Japan 3.1 in ) long, irregular habit ( esp in...

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