1. Review terminology about cybersecurity and crime that is relevant for the AP CS Principles Exam and 2. So click on things, poke around. Definitions of cryptography, encryption, decryption, cracking/breaking an encryption, cipher, etc. Look for the Lock. Encryption is not just for the military and spies anymore. Sockets layer/transport layer security (SSL/TLS). Maritime cyber risk refers to a measure of the extent to which a technology asset could be threatened by a potential circumstance or event, which may result in shipping-related operational, safety or security â¦ This lesson serves two roles. Affiliate. Make sure you reinforce this definition as students choose their topics. Give students about 15-20 minutes to crack one of the messages. cyber security. Review of Terminology -- you can use this opportunity to review new vocabulary introduced in the activity and respond to questions students may have encountered during the activity. Differentiation and accommodations for this lesson. Cyber warfare and cyber crime have widespread and potentially devastating effects. Practice research and writing skills that will help students on the Explore PT. If you are running out of time, assigning some of these terms for homework might be a good way to review and kick off the next day. Code Occupation; 15-1299.06: Digital Forensics Analysts Bright Outlook 15-1299.04: â¦ For 50 years and counting, ISACA ® has been helping information systems governance, control, risk, security, audit/assurance and business and cybersecurity professionals, and enterprises succeed. Students try their own hand at cracking a message encoded with the classic Caesar cipher and also a Random Substitution Cipher. Launch Your Cybersecurity Career through the Women CyberSecurity Society. Below is a suggested schedule for completing the project. Understand the relationship between cryptographic keys and passwords. If you have a degree in another area but want to join â¦ These cyberattacks are usually aimed at accessing, changing, or destroying sensitive information; extorting money from users; or interrupting normal business processes.. Enterprise. With this simple encryption technique it only took a few minutes to decode a small message. The need for secrecy when sending bits over the Internet is important for anyone using the Internet. Part of the point here is that it's possible without tools. However, when aided with computational tools, a random substitution cipher can be cracked by a novice in a matter of minutes. Code.org ... My name's Jenny Martin and I'm the Director of Cybersecurity Investigations at Symantec. It provides social context which you may want to bring to your classroom. Students can enter their own messages, do a random substitution to encrypt it, then copy/paste the encrypted version and see if a friend can crack it. This method is effective for a few reasons, but overall students find this approach more engaging and fun, and they tend to be more receptive to, and motivated to hear, explanations of how the tool works after trying to “solve the mystery” themselves. You might choose to send them directly to that at this point or show the video to the whole class. What about the other way around? As usual: you can't break it. Below is the list of cybersecurity terms that students were introduced to throughout this lesson. shorter? If you are interested in licensing Code.org materials for commercial purposes, The Internet: Encryption & Public Keys - Video. Simple substitution ciphers give insight into encryption algorithms, but as we've seen fall way short when a potential adversary is aided with computational tools...our understanding must become more sophisticated. See how codes can protect your online secrets and what motivates hackers to hack. Share a story about how tech affects everyone. Rapid Research: Use the rubric provided with the Activity Guide to assess the one-pagers. But using cyber attacks to cripple basic infrastructure (power, water) and communication could be devastating. cybersecurity. Then you'll research a particular cybercrime and quickly prepare a one-pager about it. The prompts are similar in style and content to prompts students have already seen. Browse. The following terms have been used to augment your search: "cyber", "security". They probably have space for at most 100-150 words per response. The video touches on types of cybercrimes and cyber attacks NOT covered in the How Not To Get Hacked - Web Resource article but are still vocabulary that students need to know, specifically DDoS attacks and how they work. These terms are pulled directly from the AP CSP Framework. (It should look like the screen shown below), Figure out what is going on in this new version of the tool. Understand why using longer passwords makes them harder to guess. Goal: let students explore for 5-10 minutes to see if they can discover what the tool is showing them and allowing them to do. Anyone can learn computer science. When you see the little lock icon and, SSL (secure sockets layer) and TLS (transport layer security) use. Can you write out an algorithm for cracking a Caesar cipher? The most important aspect of this lesson is to understand how and why encryption plays a role in all of our lives every day on the Internet, and that making good encryption is not trivial. Today cybercrime causes huge problems for society. The Rapid Research activity features vocabulary, concepts, and skills that should help prepare them for the AP Explore PT, and also serves as a capstone for the sequence of lessons on encryption and security. These statements can be used as the basis for question on the AP CSP Exam. The process of encoding a plain text message in some secret way is called Encryption. Complete One-Pager: Students should find this aspect of their project most familiar. Once you've done one, it only takes a matter of seconds to do others. In this lesson, students are introduced to the need for encryption and simple techniques for breaking (or cracking) secret messages. Remember the letters aren't randomly substituted - the alphabet is just shifted. â¦ You may wish to check â¦ Students should not leave class after the first day without a topic in mind and ideally with some resources identified. You cannot break it so you are encouraged to let students play and investigate to figure out how the tools work. We use encryption everyday on the Internet, primarily to conduct commercial transactions, and without it our economy might grind to a halt. Don't rush it, but don't linger on cracking caesar ciphers. It is possible to get pretty proficient at cracking these messages with the tool. Luckily, in choosing their topics, students will likely have begun to identify resources they can use in completing their project. In particular this definition sets up the last two prompts of the activity guide where students must both specifically identify the data used by an app and describe concerns specifically related to this data. For more than 65 years, NSAâs signals intelligence and cybersecurity missions have given the U.S. a strategic advantage over adversaries as a combat support agency. These discovery-based methods of introducing tools have been tested in professional development and have worked well for teachers who use this curriculum. The instructions for this activity are simple - there is no handout: Goal: Select a message encrypted with a caesar cipher and use the provided widget to "crack" it. The CodeHS Cybersecurity course prepares students with crucial skills to be responsible citizens in a digital future and protect themselves from the growing threat of cyber attacks. For example in Roman times Julius Caesar is reported to have encrypted messages to his soldiers and generals by using a simple alphabetic shift - every character was encrypted by substituting it with a character that was some fixed number of letters away in the alphabet. If you want to, enter you own message, encrypt it, and have a friend decrypt it. How did you get interested in computer science? Closest matches are shown first. Being presented with a structured way of doing this means students will have a model for how to complete their research when completing the actual Explore PT. The annotations given here should provide enough depth for the kinds of responses expected of students. Following this lesson you may opt to either run the research activity in the next lesson or move on to running the full Explore PT with your class. Students are not describing the beneficial or harmful effects of an innovation / event. 20 minutes). 6.3 - Cybersecurity is an important concern for the Internet and the systems built on it. Conducting Your Research: This document is intended to serve primarily as a guide to students for identifying online sources of information. Digital commerce, business, government operations, and even social networks all rely on our ability to keep information from falling into the wrong hands. This message was encrypted using a Caesar Cipher (an "alphabetic shift"). If we are to create a secure Internet, we will need to develop tools and protocols which can resist the enormous computational power of modern computers. A "firewall" is simply software that runs on servers (often routers) that only allows traffic through according to some set of security rules. What about a random substitution cipher? Most of those people were also impacted by the cyber incident involving background investigations records; approximately 600,000 individuals were impacted only by the cyber incident involving personnel records. Figure out what the the tool let's you do. What do you work, what do you do, and what do you love most about your job? â¦ You may optionally pause here to recap and go over terms if you like or just let students proceed (see activity part 2 below). Ask the students questions and leave time for Q&A. Did it take longer than you thought? 6.3.1 - Identify existing cybersecurity concerns and potential options to address these issues with the Internet and the systems built on it. Note that the Explore PT prep unit includes additional resources that will help students prepare for the task. NOTE: this video is also embeded at the top of the How Not To Get Hacked - Web Resource page that students read in the actvity, as well as in Code Studio. As a result an alphabetic shift is often referred to as the Caesar Cipher. The video touches on a number of topics that students might choose to research later: Distribute: Give students copies of Rapid Research - Cybercrime - Activity Guide The tasks laid out for students in code studio are: After some exploration time regroup to clarify what the tool is and how it works. Get students into to the tool without much or any introduction, Give students working in partners a fixed amount of time (5 minutes or so) to poke around and see if they can figure out what it does and doesn’t do – typically this might be presented as a mystery worth investigating, Teacher fill in any gaps or explanations of how the tool works afterwards, Have students click to the next bubble to see the frequency analysis version of the widget. Do you trust the security of your email, text messages, and browser history? As part of wrap up the major points we want to draw out are: Here are a couple of thought-provoking prompts you can use to bring closure to the lesson and as an avenue to draw out the points above. Point out that the written component is quite short. Once you have found the amount of shift the rest comes easily. Was it difficult to crack a Random Substitution cipher? This lesson gives students a first taste of the kind of thinking that goes into encrypting messages in the face of computational tools. In this set of activities students will use two different versions of a simple widget in Code Studio to "crack" a messages encoded with substitution ciphers, including an alphabetic shift and random substitution. Students come in with various backgrounds and leave with the training and skills they need to excel as cybersecurity professionals. What jobs are they interested in, what are their favorite tech gadgets or apps, and how do they think they are built? Transition to Code Studio: Encryption Widgets on Code.org. A random substitution cipher is very crackable by hand though it might take some time, trial and error. Differences from the actual Explore PT: The actual Explore Performance Task will be completed over 8 class hours. Students learn about various types of cybercrimes and the cybersecurity measures that can help prevent them. After re-capping the first activity make sure students understand the following before proceeding: What if instead of shifting the whole alphabet, we mapped every letter of the alphabet to a random different letter of the alphabet? 165-169. Students will get their feet wet with understanding the considerations that must go into making strong encryption in the face of powerful computational tools that can be used to crack it. Emphasize the need for clarity in their writing, and remind them that everything must fit on a single page. Explain why encryption is an important need for everyday life on the Internet. But, as mentioned in the video, a large percentage of cybersecurity vulnerabilities are human-related, such as choosing bad passwords, (unintentionally) installing viruses, or giving personal information away. Experiment with the tool - Click things, poke around, figure out what it's doing. Resist the urge to give students a tool or device to aid in cracking this message -- that's coming in the next part of the lesson! ... How do they match? Career advancement, development, transiting mentoring, coaching, women in technology, women in security, women in cybersecurity, cyber defence, cyber â¦ Typically a virus installed on many computers (thousands) activate at the same time and flood a target with traffic to the point the server becomes overwhelmed -- doing this can render web services like DNS, or routers, or certain websites useless and unresponsive. a career in cyber security starts with your education Most cyber security careers require at least a bachelor's degree in a related field to get started. Code of Practice for Cyber Security in the Built Environment. This is especially true in the case of warfare which (fortunately) we have not experienced much of on a global scale. Packets traveling across the Internet move through many routers, each of which could be owned by different people or organizations. How much easier is it to crack a Caesar cipher than a random substitution cipher? Sharing/Submission: You may want to collect studentsâ one-pagers, have them share in small groups, or with the whole class. Let students figure out how to use it on their own. Code.org Code.org has several courses designed to teach coding and a wider understanding of computer science. Students are not creating any kind of computational artifact. To conclude our thinking about encryption and security we're going to look at how cybercrimes are conducted, how cybersecurity measures can protect us, and what the implications are of data leaking. Stream high-quality videos and courses on various topics of cybersecurity and take your career to the next level! The skill students need to develop is identifying useful resources on their own and then synthesizing this information. The new version of the widget you'll see is a more sophisticated version of the encryption tool that shows you lots of different stuff. A virus is program that runs on a computer to do something the owner of the computer does not intend. In this lesson, students are introduced to the need for encryption and simple techniques for breaking (or cracking) secret messages. Home. Cyber Video Quizzes. Antivirus software usually keeps big lists of known viruses and scans your computer looking for the virus programs in order to get rid of them. Several lessons in their Computer Science Principles course are extremely â¦ This Code of Practice explains why and how cyber security should be considered throughout a buildingâs lifecycle and explains good practice, focusing on building-related systems and all connections to the wider cyber â¦ Give students about 5 minutes to get into the tool and crack a few messages. Typically these include emails about system updates asking you send your username and password, social security number or other things. Make games, apps and art with code. Longer passwords increase the number of possible keys making it, Encryption is essential for every day life and activity, The "strength" of encryption is related to how easy it is to crack a message, assuming adversary knows the technique but not the exact "key". When browsing the web, always look at the address bar of the site youâre on to â¦ Video: These questions refer to ideas in the Cybercrime video. This is called a random substitution cipher. Personally, financially, and even in â¦ Typically a thief trying to trick you into sending them sensitive information. “Encryption” is a process for transforming a message so that the original is “hidden” from anyone who is not the intended recipient. Can you put a number on it? If they have responded completely to each of the prompts, it is fine to write less. Some categories and topics have been supplied ahead of time. We are a national non-profit providing services and support for women and marginalized groups interested in a cybersecurity career. Check out the mappings to the framework at the bottom of this lesson plan. Table 1, below, depicts the alignment of the new, 3-digit cybersecurity codes with the NICE Framework. Review Activity Guide and Rubric: At the beginning of the project, emphasize the importance of reviewing the one-pager template and rubric. Any encryption cipher is an algorithm for transforming plaintext into ciphertext. Then students perform a Rapid Research project investigating a particular cybercrime event with a particular focus on the data that was lost or stolen and the concerns that arise as a result. But what it does is bit of a mystery! An April 2019 research report by Enterprise Strategy Group and the Information Systems Security Association indicates that 93% of cybersecurity professionals believe that âCybersecurity professionals must keep up with their skills or the organizations they work for are at a significant disadvantage against todayâs cyber â¦ If students are struggling to start here are a few strategy suggestions: If you'd like your students to read a little bit about Historical Cryptography and cracking ciphers, check out 'Substitution Ciphers and Frequency Analaysis' in Blown to Bits, Chapter 5 - Reading pp. More sophisticated scams can make websites and email look very similar to the real thing. As our lives increasingly are conducted on the Internet, we want to be sure we can maintain the privacy of our information and control who has access to privileged information. and Cybersecurity One-Pager - Template. Women in CyberSecurity (WiCyS) is the premier organization with international reach dedicated to bringing together women in cybersecurity â¦ If you received a notification letter and 25-digit PIN code â¦ Closest matches are shown first. REMINDER: Discovery-based introduction of tools in a nutshell: This widget, like all others, are meant as a learning tool. Students try their own hand at cracking a message encoded with the â¦ The fact that this schedule is significantly shorter reflects several differences in this Practice PT. There is a page in Code studio which recaps terminology (encryption, decryption, crack, cipher, Caesar ciper) and poses the next problem. freeCodeCamp is a donor-supported tax-exempt 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization (United States Federal Tax Identification Number: 82-0779546) Our mission: to help people learn to code for free. This Code of Practice is written for engineers and engineering management to support their understanding of the issues involved in ensuring that the safety responsibilities of an organization are addressed, in the presence of a threat of cyber â¦ If necessary provide context of some facts about the Internet: Secrecy is a critical part of our lives, in ways big and small. NARRATOR: When was the last time you sent a coded message? WiCyS is a community of engagement, encouragement and support for women in cybersecurity. These are critical skills students must use when describing the computing innovation they will research. Implementing effective cybersecurity â¦ Find a small word and try alphabetic shifts until it's clear that it's an English word. Create your free account now! Showing top 20 occupations for cybersecurity. Many of the ideas we use to keep secrets in the digital age are far older than the Internet. Cybersecurity is the practice of protecting systems, networks, and programs from digital attacks. Choosing Your Cybercrime Event: It is recommended that you place a time limit on this process (e.g. The goal here is make points about cracking encryption with computational tools, and start to use some common terms. What information is being presented to you? Why? â¦ Implementing cybersecurity has software, hardware, and human components. Table 2, on pages 12-20, contains a crosswalk of the now-obsolete 2013 2-digit cybersecurity codes with the 2017 3-digit cybersecurity codesâ¦ Aided with the tool, cracking an alphabetic shift is trivial. Cyber Codes. Viruses can be used as a Bot Net to trigger a DDoS-style attack, or they can spy on your computer activity, such as capturing all the keystrokes you make at the computer, or websites you visit, etc. Microdegree. You should move on to cracking random substitution relatively quickly. Developing strong encryption relies on knowledge of problems that are “hard” for computers to solve, and using that knowledge to encrypt messages. Showing top 20 occupations for cyber security. Discover why the Internet is insecure. The National Cyber Strategy, the Presidentâs 2018 Management Agenda, and Executive Order 13800 of May 11, 2017 (Strengthening the Cybersecurity of Federal Networks and Critical Infrastructure) [set out above], each emphasize that a superior cybersecurity workforce will promote American prosperity and preserve peace. As a resource, you may wish to read all of Chapter 5 of Blown to Bits. The widget is pretty self-explanatory. Students should become well-acquainted with idea that in an age of powerful computational tools, techniques of encryption will need to be more sophisticated. In this video, hear how our excellence in code-making and code â¦ We've annotated them with brief explanations that should come out during discussion. Since students were researching something of their own choosing, they might be eager to show what they found out. Show: The Internet: Cybersecurity and Crime - Video. What if the message were longer BUT you had a computational tool to help you?! The video re-iterates a number of points that came out in this lesson. Cybercrime Definition: The definition of a cybercrime event as "any instance where digitally stored data falls into the hands of someone not originally intended to have access to it" is used to help align this task to the Explore PT. If you figure it out you might be able to crack a message encoded with random substitution. s is for "simple" - a simplified version of http that runs faster on modern computers, s is for "standard" - to distinguish the original http from non-standard versions like. If necessary point out to students that the next level in code studio (the one after the frequency analysis tool) explains a little bit about how frequency analysis works and suggests a few strategies for how to get started. When someone tries to get you to give up personal information through email or a bogus website it is called a: When someone attemps to compromise a target by flooding it with requests from multiple systems that is called a: The vast majority of computer security failures are due to: If you are interested in licensing Code.org materials for commercial purposes, Video Guide KEY for "Cybersecurity and Crime" - 2018, Cybersecurity and Crime Video Worksheet (Optional), The Internet: Cybersecurity and Crime - Video, Cybersecurity and Crime Video Worksheet (Optional) - Video Worksheet, Rapid Research - Cybercrime - Activity Guide, KEY: Video Guide âCybersecurity and Crimeâ, Explain the characteristics of a phishing attack, Research and describe a cyber attack found in the news, Reason about the threats posed by, and methods of recourse for, various types of cyber attacks, Describe plausible storage, security, or privacy concerns for particular pieces of data, Review annotated responses to terminology at end of lesson for wrap up, Have students watch the video (display for all, or have students watch in Code Studio). Do the students have any questions for you. [P1] 6.3.1C - Implementing cybersecurity â¦ Crack a message encrypted with a Caesar cipher using a Caesar Cipher Widget, Crack a message encrypted with random substitution using Frequency Analysis, Explain the weaknesses and security flaws of substitution ciphers. An encryption layer of HTTP. With the â¦ Presenting and cracking a caesar cipher should go pretty fast. Vulnerabilities in hardware and software can be compromised as part of an attack. Choose one or more. Well, probably within the last hour, if youâve sent an email or logged onto a website. Students may assume that more is required of them than is actually the case. Experts. Ops 401: These are the most intense courses offered at Code Fellows. With tools it becomes trivial, as we'll see next. Distributed denial of service attacks (DDoS), Viruses / Antivirus software and firewalls. 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